Wednesday, June 12, 2019

Asian Economic Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words

Asian Economic - Essay ExampleThe 1993 World Bank policy research report (Ryan 802) named The vitamin E Asian Miracle, identified eight high-performing Asian economies (HPAEs) (Ryan 802) and classified them into three distinct groups according to the duration of uninterrupted positive real economic fruit rate between 1960 and 1990 (Ryan 802). Japan alone occupied the first group. By the 1960s, Japan had already become matured as an economy by maintaining a signally high focus on economic development. Hence it had become a leader with an enviable record showing sustained economic growth for xxx consecutive years. The second group consisted of four countries recognized as four Asian tigers namely, Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan and South Korea. All these four economies had witnessed soaring economic growth pass judgment consistently since the mid-1960s until the mid 1990s. Three other countries, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia, were referred to as newly industrializing economies (N IEs) (Ryan 802) by the World Bank. These countries that made the third group of HPAEs had been included in the contestation of the HPAEs in the beginning of 1970s. The outstanding growth rates and economic performances reflected by the eight nations had one thing in common. Excepting Japan, which had been categorized as a developed country by the 1960s, all the other seven countries had adopted strategic macroeconomic policies and implemented them to manage their economic activities, coupled with carefully selected policy interventions by their individual governments. Research reveals that in all these cases, the government played a decisive role in mobilization of resources. Government policies were assisted by distant direct investment (FDI) and technological transfer from other industrialized nations of the world, particularly Japan and the USA (Ryan 802). Causes of the financial collapse in Asian economies Heavy colony on cheap labor input signal Initially, competitive adva ntage of these countries was founded on their endowment of abundant labor. Since supply of labor was abundant in these countries, labor input was cheap, which created competitive advantage for these countries in adopting labor intensive technologies of production. However, as the knowledge intensity increased in the exports made by these countries they increasingly started to rely on highly skilled labor force that was more productive than low skilled laborers and was also more disciplined. Krugman had made a controversial contention on the phenomenon of economic growth of the Asian economies (65). The renowned economist had put that these countries would inevitably face a downfall in their economic growth. Since the lofty growth rates of these countries were achieved principally through incorporation of higher amounts of labor input along with capital input into the production process of these economies. This led to higher output and indeed higher GDP, but, did not increase the ne t level of productivity. This was a stage when the economies were moving along the revenue curve in the zone of increasing returns. tally to Krugman, it could be anticipated that these economies would reach the range of diminishing returns (Krugman 65) that would ultimately

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