Thursday, March 14, 2019

Aztec :: essays papers

AztecThe Aztec lived in the city of Tenochtitlan, which is a fertile basin well-nigh 50 miles long and as wide. Surrounded by mountain ranges and several(prenominal) volcanoes, the Aztec has abundant supply of water. With being 8000ft above sea level the sidereal day were mild and the nights are cold during much of the year. The Aztecs name means wedge people their name is derived from the mythical home impose to the north called Azatlan. This in head their language(Nahuatl) also belong to the linguistic family as the Soshonean, a tongue provide represented among the Indians of the Untied States. In the Aztecs culture their main principal swan was maize. Maize was usually cooked with lime then(prenominal) ground to make dough, then patted into tortillas, other principal crops were beans, squash, tomatoes, cotton, chilies. The two crops maguey and agave were expenditured as cord, sacks and sandals and a substitute for cotton in clothing. From the juice of the maguey was use in a mild form of alcohol called pulque, which was the ceremonial drink. still the old men of the committee was able to drink pulque freely, otherwise among the younger generation couldnt get drunk except at certain phantasmal feast. Drunkenness was considered a serious offense even punishable by death. In the Aztecs culture in that location were clans, distributively clan there was tribes and each tribe was divided up. Then each family were allotted sufficient land for its maintenance, if no one else were alive in the family, then the land were reverted abide to the tribe. Urban communities, the land were communal, each group called capulli was composed of a some families that jointly owned a piece of land. Then part of the return was given to the state as a tax. Rest of yield would be either sold, traded or for their own use. There were two kinds of farmer, first there was the general field workers. They were in charge with preparing the soil, breaking up clods, hoeing(with th e coa jibe sticks), leveling, setting boundary markers, planting, irrigating, winnowing and storing grain. The second kind of farmer were the horticulturists their line was planting of trees, transplanting, crop sequences, rotations and a supervisory role, for they were expected to read the Tonalamatl almanacs to get a line the time for planting and harvest. One of the unusual feature of the Aztec agriculture were the vagrant gardens. These gardens were built by digging ditches into squares or rectangle, then they would pile up mud on the area which the ditches enclosed.

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