Establishment of the State of Israel
On May 14, 1948, the last British forces left Haifa. The Jewish Agency, led by David Ben-Gurion, declared the geological formation of the State of Israel, in accordance with the 1947 UN Partition Plan. Ben-Gurion became Prime rector of the newly state. Both superpower leaders, U.S. President Harry S. Truman and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, immediately recognized the new state. At this beat the Jewish population of Palestine was approximately 650,000, the Arab population rough 1.2 million. The Arab League members Egypt, Transjordan, Syria, Lebanon and Iraq refused to accept the UN partition plan and proclaimed the office of self-determination for the Arabs across the whole of Palestine.
The first armed aggression
The new state of Israel had an organized and efficient army, the Haganah, under the command of Israel Galili. It numbered around 30,000 men, including the Palmach under General Yigael Allon. There were also another 30,000 teach men in the Haganah reserve. In addition, each Israeli cloture was protected by well-trained guards. The Etzel with about 3, viosterol men, and the Stern Gang with 500 men, was under the command of the Haganah.
The Egyptians tried but failed to break by dint of to the Fallujah pocket.
With ceasefires holding on all other fronts, the Israelis were now in a position to launch a major wicked against the Egyptians. The Israelis surrounded Rafah, then captured Asluj and Auja . Colonel Allon advanced south into the Sinai, and then swung support north to El Arish. Determined Egyptian resistance prevented win eastward movement, so the Israelis swung back northeast to Rafah. As the Israelis were acquiring ready to attack Rafah, the Egyptians asked the UN Security Council to arrange an armistice which was straightway put into effect.
Peace talks were held on Rhodes, under the chairmanship of UN intermediator Dr. Ralph Bunche. Israel signed armistices with Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan and Syria. No...If you want to get a full essay, tell apart it on our website: Ordercustompaper.com
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